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外国人眼中的“中国白”|宋元时期中国远程贸易的德化瓷在泰国南部塞丁普拉遗址的发现(八)

2022-05-13 09:39:34

来源:德化陶瓷文化研究院   作者:詹尼斯・斯达加特 翻译:孙延燕

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2011年11月,由北京故宫博物院、中国古陶瓷学会、福建省文物局、德化县人民政府共同主办的“2011中国瓷都・德化窑学术研讨会”在瓷都德化举办,近百位国内外博物馆馆长、从事陶瓷文化研究的专家学者齐聚瓷都德化,以“中国白的故乡、瓷艺术的摇篮”为主题,共同研讨深厚的德化窑陶瓷文化。

研讨会共提交专题论文39篇,其中不乏外国专家的作品。与会的专家学者以翔实的图文史料为佐证,从学术专业的角度对德化窑在国内外陶瓷文化领域的历史地位和影响做了全面深刻的阐述,是一笔难得的、丰硕的学术成果。

近期,《外国人眼中的“中国白”》栏目将再次回顾刊载该研讨会的相关论文,并对其中的论文进行翻译,为广大德化陶瓷文化研究爱好者提供学习、交流、参考。

Dehua Ceramics in Long-distance Trade in the Song- Yuan period: excavations at Satingpra, South Thailand(八)

Janice Stargardt  翻译:孙延燕

It can be seen that this chemical analysis permits secure distinctions to be made in particular between Jingdezhen and Dehua ceramics, even when they are found in a fragmented state as was the case at the Satingpra sites.

从五种中国白瓷器的四种主要成分的化学分析可以看出,景德镇陶瓷和德化陶瓷之间存在明显的区别,即使它们在塞丁普拉窑址发现时处于支离破碎的状态。

It remains now to discuss certain absences from the record of Chinese ceramics at Satingpra and to form an overview of the significance of the ceramics present in terms of the trade flowing in the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean for some 400 years. It is noteworthy that so far no Changsha ceramics have been found in South Thailand, although they were exported to Japan at approximately the time that Chinese ceramics began arriving at Satingpra. Similarly, no Yueh ceramics have been found in the Satingpra area, although they were exported to the Palembang area of South-east Sumatra at that time. Professor Zhu Boqian points out, however, that specimens from the Ou kilns have sometimes in the past been identified as Yueh wares. Another major absence at the end of the ceramic sequence is blue-and-white wares. No specimens of blue-and-white ceramics have been found in an archaeological context in the Satinpra group of sites.

现在,我们来讨论一些在塞丁普拉没有发现的中国陶瓷器,并对这些陶瓷制品400多年来在南中国海和印度洋贸易中的重要性做一个概述。值得注意的是,迄今为止在泰国南部没有发现长沙窑陶瓷,尽管它们大约在中国陶瓷器进入塞丁普拉时开始出口到日本。同样,在塞丁普拉地区也没有发现越窑陶器,虽然它们当时被出口到苏门答腊岛东南的巨港地区。朱伯谦教授指出,在过去,欧窑的标本有时被认为是越窑的。另一个在陶瓷序列里遗失的是青白釉器皿。在塞丁普拉遗址的考古背景下,没有任何青白釉陶瓷标本被发现。

[憨鼠责编:琼子]

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